It is an anise-flavored spirit derived from botanicals, including the flowers and leaves of Artemisia absinthium ("grand wormwood"), together with green anise, sweet fennel, and other medicinal and culinary herbs. Absinthe traditionally has a natural green color, but may also be colorless.
Armagnac is a distinctive kind of brandy produced in the Armagnac region in Gascony, southwest France
Applejack is a strong apple-flavored alcoholic drink produced from apples, popular in the American colonial era. The name derives from "jacking," a term for "increasing" (alcohol content) and specifically for "freeze distilling," the traditional method of producing the drink.
Aquavit, or Akvavit, is a distilled spirit that is principally produced in Scandinavia. Aquavit is distilled from grain and potatoes, and is flavored with a variety of herbs.
Arak Raki Ouzo
All three of ouzo, arak and the Turkish raki are distilled from the leftovers of vinication - grape seeds, stems, skins and the like.
Baijiu, also known as shaojiu, is a category of at least a dozen Chinese liquors made from grain. Baijiu literally means "white (clear) alcohol" or liquor.
A bitters is traditionally an alcoholic preparation flavored with botanical matter so that the end result is characterized by a bitter, sour, or bittersweet flavor.
Bourbon whiskey is a type of American whiskey, a barrel-aged distilled spirit made primarily from corn.
Brandy is a spirit produced by distilling wine. Brandy generally contains 35-60% alcohol by volume (70-120 US proof) and is typically drunk as an after-dinner digestif.
Cachaca is a distilled spirit made from fermented sugarcane juice. Also known as aguardente, pinga, caninha, Marvada and other names, it is the most popular spirit among distilled alcoholic beverages in Brazil.
Calvados is an apple or pear brandy from the Normandy region in France.
Cognac is a variety of brandy named after the town of Cognac, France. It is produced in the surrounding wine-growing region in the departments of Charente and Charente-Maritime.
Fruit Spirit, also known as Eau de Vie (French for spirits), is a clear, colorless fruit brandy that is produced by means of fermentation and double distillation.
Genever is a clear, botanically rich, malted grain-based spirit that can only be made in Holland or Belgium. It is a blend of two or more distillates.
Gin is a distilled alcoholic drink that derives its predominant flavor from juniper berries.
Grappa is an alcoholic beverage, a fragrant, grape-based pomace brandy of Italian origin that contains 35 to 60 percent alcohol by volume (70 to 120 US proof).
Huangjiu, often translated as yellow wine, is a type of Chinese alcoholic beverage made from water, cereal grains such as rice, sorghum, millet, or wheat, and a qu starter culture.
Korn, also known as Kornbrand or Kornbranntwein, is a German colorless distilled beverage produced from fermented cereal grain.
Marc is distilled from what is left over after pressing the grapes used in wine production, including the skins, pulp, seeds.
Mezcal, or mescal, is a distilled alcoholic beverage made from any type of agave.
Orujo is a pomace brandy from northern Spain. It is a transparent spirit with an alcohol content over 50% (100° proof).
Pastis is an anise-flavored spirit and aperitif from France, typically containing less than 100 g/l sugar and 40-45% ABV (alcohol by volume).
A white brandy made in Peru from muscat grapes.
Rum Agricole, or Rhum Agricole, is the French term for cane juice rum, a style of rum originally distilled in the French Caribbean islands, made from freshly squeezed sugar cane juice.
Rakia, Rakija, Arak, Raki or Ouzo, is the collective term for fruit brandy popular in the Balkans. It is colorless, unless herbs or other ingredients are added.
Rum is a distilled alcoholic drink made from sugarcane byproducts, such as molasses, or directly from sugarcane juice, by a process of fermentation and distillation. The distillate, a clear liquid, is then usually aged in oak barrels.
Sake, also known as Japanese rice wine, is an alcoholic beverage made by fermenting rice that has been polished to remove the bran.
Schnapps is a type of alcoholic beverage that may take several forms, including distilled fruit brandies, herbal liqueurs, infusions, and flavored liqueurs made by adding fruit syrups, spices, or artificial flavorings to neutral grain spirits.
Shochu is a Japanese distilled beverage less than 45% alcohol by volume. It is typically distilled from rice (kome), barley (mugi), and sweet potatoes.
Sambuca is an Italian anise-flavored, usually colorless, liqueur. Its most common variety is often referred to as white sambuca to differentiate it from other varieties that are deep blue in color (black sambuca) or bright red (red sambuca).
Soju is a clear, colorless distilled beverage of Korean origin.
Tequila is made from the distillation of the juice from the blue agave plant.
Mixto tequila is tequila that is not 100% agave, and must first be mixed with sugar or molasses before fermentation begins.
Tennessee whiskeys undergo a filtering stage called the Lincoln County Process, in which the whiskey is filtered through (or steeped in) a thick layer of maple charcoal before it is put into new charred oak barrels for aging.
Vodka may be distilled from any starch or sugar-rich plant matter. Most vodka today is produced from grains such as sorghum, corn, rye or wheat. Among grain vodkas, rye and wheat vodkas are generally considered superior.
Whisky, or whiskey, is a type of distilled alcoholic beverage made from fermented grain mash.